WP 2. Inequality of opportunities over the life course

 

Työpaketti 2: Mahdollisuuksien tasa-arvo elinkaaren aikana

Suomi on edelleen varsin avoin yhteiskunta, jossa sosiaalinen liikkuvuus on suurta. Suomalainen yhteiskuntapolitiikka on toistaiseksi onnistunut verraten hyvin mahdollistamaan sen, että ihmiset voivat kouluttautua ja päätyä eri ammatteihin perhetaustasta riippumatta.

Vastakkaisistakin kehityskuluista on kuitenkin viitteitä. Perhetausta vaikuttaa esimerkiksi ihmisen köyhyysriskiin ja koulutustasoon. Avioerot ja yksinhuoltajuus ovat yleisimpiä heikoimmassa sosioekonomisessa asemassa olevilla. Maahanmuuttajien työllistyminen on usein vaikeaa.

TITA tutkii mahdollisuuksien tasa-arvoa ja sosiaalista liikkuvuutta sekä politiikan vaikutusta niihin.

 

WP 2. Inequality of opportunity over the life course

Finland is still an open society with a high social mobility. There are, however, considerable differences in health between population groups and, for example, poverty risk and educational level are affected by family background. Those in the worst socio-economic position are most likely to experience divorce and single parenthood. The labour market integration of immigrants poses a significant challenge.

TITA studies social mobility and inequality of opportunity over the life course and analyses the effects policy measures have upon them.

 
Scientific coordinator: Jani Erola, University of Turku

 

2.1. Education, social mobility and the welfare state

Team identifies historical changes in key policies influencing education, income (re)distribution, families and fertility since World War II and compares their effects on intergenerational equality of opportunity. It studies the effects of period changes in the life course and indentifies their impact on equality of opportunity. It estimates the importance of different policies in buffering the turbulence in equality of opportunity caused by economic cycles.

Team leader:

Juho Härkönen, Stockholm University

Funded researchers:

Erik Bihagen, Stockholm University
Jani Erola, University of Turku
Mikko Niemelä, University of Turku

External research partners and teams:

Elizabeth Thomson, Stockholm University

 

2.2. Families, family policies and social inequalities

Team analyses interdependencies between changes in families and socioeconomic inequalities in life course and identity factors creating barriers for family formation and stability. Team also analyses reasons, impacts and local variations of different child care choices of the families. It examines how childbearing, and long family leaves in particular, influence the employment trajectories and socioeconomic positions of women and men as well as multiple child outcomes.

Team leaders:

Marika Jalovaara, University of Turku

Funded researchers:

Klara Capkova, Stockholm University
Ann-Zofie Duvander, Stockholm University
Marie Evertsson, Stockholm University
Michael Gähler, Stockholm University
Juho Härkönen, Stockholm University
Camilla Kantola, University of Turku
Eleonora Mussino, Stockholm University
Katja Pohjola, University of Turku
Per-Olof Robling, Stockholm University
Miia Saarikallio-Torp, Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela)
Maria Valaste, Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela)

External research partners and teams:

Gunnar Andersson, Stockholm University
Elise Haapamäki, The City of Helsinki Urban Facts
Ari Jaakola, City of Helsinki
Lea Juvonen, City of Helsinki, Department of Early Education and Care
Karoliina Koskenvuo, Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela)
Sanna Ranto, The City of Helsinki Urban Facts
Raila Tiainen-Ala-Maunus, City of Helsinki

 

2.3. Immigrants’ integration and social policy

Team analyses immigrant poverty, unemployment and social mobility, while taking emigration into account. It examines the influence of family policies on immigrats’ integration pathways.

Team leader:

Jussi Tervola, Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela)

Funded researchers:

Ann-Zofie Duvander, Stockholm University
Sol Juárez, Stockholm University
Andrea Monti, Stockholm University
Vitor Oliveira de Miranda, Stockholm University
Eleonora Mussino, Stockholm University
Ognjen Obucina, Stockholm University

External research partners and teams:

Ilari Ilmakunnas, National Institute for Health and Welfare