Scientific Realism, Antirealism, and the Future

Introduction The scientific realism debate is one of the main debates in the philosophy of science. The issue is old, and sometimes it seems difficult even to tell how to distinguish between realism and antirealism. In a relatively new area of debate, there have been attempts to resolve this stalemate by analyzing whether the positions […]

Unpredicatibility of the Future of Science. Against the Received Wisdom

What should we do in science? This is a question about pursuitworthiness of research programs. The question concerns which research programs we should develop further, i.e. which programs are worthy of pursuit. Analyses of pursuitworthiness are motivated by the need for an ability to respond to possible future changes and demands. These changes and demands […]

The Notions of Possibility in Futures Research. One way to think about it

In order to understand futures research, it is necessary to have different notions of possibility at hand. In what follows, I identify different notions of possibility and explain what I mean by them and why I think they deserve to be identified. In other words, I provide one way to understand different notions of possibility. […]

When Is One Explanation Better than Another in Historiography?

It is often the case that, in historiography, we have two explanations for some outcome, and we wish to know when one is better than the other. We assume here that both explanations are true in the sense that they explain. Consider the following explanations: E1: Eddington observed gravitational deflection in 1919 because Einstein formulated […]

Fifty Shades of Red. Proportionality, Causality, and Philosophy of Life

In philosophy of causation, the notion of proportionality is important. It came to the philosophical literature from Yablo (1992) and has been extensively discussed since then. Woodward (2021, 15-16) characterizes the notion as follows: “Proportionality concerns the extent to which there is a match between the variation in the cause and the variation in the […]

The Future Is Soon. A Manifesto for Micro-Futures

In this post, I claim that focusing on timespans shorter than the traditional ones sheds new light on the study of the future. I argue that a microperspective on time can shed new light on issues related to future and futures research. Here is a summary of the differences between a microperspective and more common […]