The Notions of Possibility in Futures Research. One way to think about it

In order to understand futures research, it is necessary to have different notions of possibility at hand. In what follows, I identify different notions of possibility and explain what I mean by them and why I think they deserve to be identified. In other words, I provide one way to understand different notions of possibility. […]

When Is One Explanation Better than Another in Historiography?

It is often the case that, in historiography, we have two explanations for some outcome, and we wish to know when one is better than the other. We assume here that both explanations are true in the sense that they explain. Consider the following explanations: E1: Eddington observed gravitational deflection in 1919 because Einstein formulated […]

Fifty Shades of Red. Proportionality, Causality, and Philosophy of Life

In philosophy of causation, the notion of proportionality is important. It came to the philosophical literature from Yablo (1992) and has been extensively discussed since then. Woodward (2021, 15-16) characterizes the notion as follows: “Proportionality concerns the extent to which there is a match between the variation in the cause and the variation in the […]

The Future Is Soon. A Manifesto for Micro-Futures

In this post, I claim that focusing on timespans shorter than the traditional ones sheds new light on the study of the future. … Futures research has focused on relatively long timespans, ranging normally from 5-50 years (Nordlund 2012). However, it is unclear why this is so, or has to be so. Why is five […]

Intellectual Unity in Science. The Case of Futures Studies

In this post, I discuss how to assess the nature of a field of research and its differences from other fields. I focus on futures studies and discuss whether the approaches of futures studies are intellectually unified and whether there is some minimal unity in the field. I use the term “intellectual” to highlight to […]

Further Thoughts on Philosophy of Historiography

I received an insightful response to my previous post from Chiel van den Akker who disagrees on several issues and nicely discusses the shotcomings of my thinking. Below, I publish the comment (it is already publish in the previous post with a permission) and provide some quick though on it. “C” refers to Chiel van […]